Est 6:6 (ESV) … the king said… , “What should be done to the man whom the king delights to honour?”
The story is set in Susa, the Persian capital, during the reign of King Ahasuerus, better known by his Greek name, Xerxes I (486–464 b.c.). Some Jews had returned to Jerusalem, where they enjoyed a reasonable amount of control over their own affairs as described in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. Others, like Esther and Mordecai, were still in exile. As a minority group, the Jews were viewed with suspicion and sometimes faced threats to their existence from people in a position to harm them. In this respect Esther and Mordecai’s situation was similar to that of Daniel and his friends a century or so earlier. (ESV Study Bible Intro to Esther).
Mordecai, by God’s providence, discovered and defused a plot to murder the king (Ahasuerus). His loyalty provoked the king to bestow public honour on him. The honour was gracious for the king was not legally obliged to honour Mordecai (no law said he must, nor was the reason for Mordecai’s devotion any law promising good to those who were loyal, for there was none, loyalty was their duty), however, he felt a moral obligation to honour someone who had honoured him in such an outstanding way; such honouring was an appropriate reward. In this even a pagan king revealed the moral imprint of the divine image for God himself says, ‘he who honours me, I will honour'(1 Sam 2:20). It is with this background informing us we read and reflect on the words of Jesus in John 13,
John 13:31-32 (ESV2011) When he had gone out, Jesus said, “Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in him. If God is glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself, and glorify him at once.
now is the son of man glorified…
This text follows immediately from Judas leaving to initiate the betrayal. The betrayal signals the beginning of humanity’s darkest hour, as John’s reference to ‘night’ suggests (13:30), which finds its culmination in the rejection of the cross. Morally this is the world’s worst deed and its ultimate exposure. The atrocities of the centuries (C20 holocaust included) are as nothing compared to the conspired murder of the Creator. The contrast could not be more vivid; the most depraved inglorious actions of men in counterpoint with the most devoted and glorious action of Jesus ‘the son of man’, for it is ‘the son of man’ who is glorified. Humanity may utterly shame itself in its defiance of God and indifference to his glory (Adam did, and his heirs are here merely demonstrating the same depravity, though more culpably so, for now defiance and rejection is not simply of a good Creator and Provider but of the God of grace and truth revealed in Christ) but this backcloth of human depravity serves only to make more radiant the moral glory of the obedient ‘man’ on the cross.
It is the true glory of ‘man’ because human glory is ever founded upon obedience to God and here is obedience of the most exacting kind. Man is a moral being, made in God’s image, created to obey God’s will and seek his glory. He is glorious only when so doing. The more demanding that will and the more obedience to it costs then the more man is glorified therein. Just as a son is never more admirably son-like than when obeying a demanding instruction of his father, and a soldier is never more essentially soldier-like than when he obeys his commanding officer at the cost of losing everything, reputation and life itself, so too man, in Christ, is most glorious in the obedience extremity of the cross.
The glory of man is perfectly displayed in Christ’s voluntary, God-honouring, self-sacrificing obedience to death; here is humanity at its most human. This is ‘man’ as he ought to be; surrounded by every conceivable reason to sidestep obedience and aware obedience will cost everything – the reputation of men to whom he is a worm and no man (Ps 22:6-8; Isa 53:3), the companionship of his own who forsake and flee (Ps 88:18; 38:11; 41:9), the sustaining of angelic beings who normally guard those who fear God yet here are absent (Matt 26:53,54), the fellowship and face of God in judicial abandonment (Ps 22), intolerable suffering in body and mind, so crushing he is unrecognisable as human (Isa 52:14; 53:10), the cruel feral hatred of his fellows seeking his blood like wild ravenous baying beasts (Ps 22), the unmasked fury of Satan whose hour has come (Lk 22:53), and ultimately the ignominy and injustice of cross-death itself (Ps 69:4,19; 44:15)- yet he never wavers from the path of submission to the divine will, his food and delight remaining as ever, the will of him that sent him.
His supreme and unwavering desire is to bring glory to God in life or death. He who knew no sin will willingly be made sin if this is God’s will and bring’s God glory. He who is creation’s crown and rightful heir of all will gladly be cut off and have nothing if in this his God is obeyed and glorified. The cup of unbearable aloneness (so contrary to nature… it is not good for man to be alone) will be freely borne if it’s God’s cup for him to drink. He will be the kernel of wheat that falls into the ground and dies if this will be the means of much fruit to the glory of God (Jn 12:23,24). He will submit to Satan’s worst if this is the only way he can be overthrown and he and his powers destroyed to the praise and glory of God and the blessing of man; he will be the serpent-crushing seed even if it means for him the bruising of death (Lk 22:53, Hebs 2:14). The fulfilling and realising of God’s purposes is his consuming desire and delight and the cost of so doing he will despise (Hebs 12).
Here is man, under the severest test, the most adverse of circumstances, proving to be man as he essentially ought to be, as he was created to be – utterly devoted, utterly obedient, utterly submissive, utterly committed to God’s glory. The moral glory of man being what he ought to be to God is revealed fully in the cross. This was indeed man’s glory, that God should be (as he was) glorified in Him. Little wonder such a man will, when lifted up, draw all men (of faith) to himself. Here is a man for men to follow and revere, here is humanity at its most glorious and worthy, most intended, bringing perfect glory to God.
and god is glorified in him…
God is glorified in the first instance simply in the ‘son of man’s’ faith-obedience, obedience to death and that the death of the cross (Phil 2). Man was not created for death but for privilege as the crown of creation. The ‘son of man’, eschatologically expected to be crowned with glory and honour with all things subject to him (Ps 8; Dan 7:13)). Thus when Jesus submits to the cross and death and all that seems to contradict this destiny he does so believing he is the sin-bearer and will be saved out of death (Acts 2:24-28; Hebs 5:7)/ Such is the faith-affirmation of this very text. ‘If God is glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself, and glorify him at once’. Here is man trusting in God’s faithfulness and righteousness when trusting costs everything and everything conspires to defy such trust; he trusts even as his agonized uncomprehending ‘why’ of loss echoes in the silent heavens (Ps 22). How can God be other than glorified ‘in him’?
Yet God is further glorified ‘in him’. Glory is the outshining of an essential worth. The greater the essential worth of an object (or person) the greater its glory. The obedience of Christ in the cross provides the context, the only context, whereby God can reveal fully who he is. God acts in various ways throughout history and in so doing always reveals something of who he is and therefore an aspect of his glory. In the life of Christ, he reveals himself as never before (he that has seen me…) but even in Christ, full revelation is only complete at the cross. At the cross, all that God is, is revealed, and revealed according to that which He is consciously to Himself. His nature is seen as it really is with each attribute revealed in relation to the other as it truly is without any one attribute hiding, or obscuring, or contradicting another. Thus God’s heart of grace and love shines fully but in such a way that his wisdom, truth, holiness, power, righteousness and majesty are seen too acting in perfect harmony with it. God’s heart, a heart of love, is displayed as it really is and his attributes unite in expression of it. Of his heart of love we read,
1 John 4:9-10 (ESV2011) In this the love of God was made manifest among us, that God sent his only Son into the world, so that we might live through him. In this is love, not that we have loved God but that he loved us and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.
Yet it is not a love that acts in conflict with his righteousness but in conjunction with it.
Rom 3:21-26 (ESV2011) But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it— the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction: for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God’s righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins. It was to show his righteousness at the present time, so that he might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.
Likewise his holiness is harnessed to a saving purpose,
Isa 52:10 (ESV2011) The LORD has bared his holy arm before the eyes of all the nations, and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God.
Likewise his wisdom and power.
1Cor 1:23-24 (ESV2011) but we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles, but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.
All work in symphonic unison revealing the glory of his grace.
Titus 2:11-14 (ESV2011) For the grace of God has appeared… Jesus Christ, who gave himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for himself a people for his own possession who are zealous for good works.
At the cross the ‘grace of God in truth‘ is revealed (Col 1:6). Indeed, at the cross the truth of God is revealed as nowhere else. Not only God but all else is revealed as it really is: man’s rebellious heart is exposed as the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain, the kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against his Anointed, saying, “Let us burst their bonds apart and cast away their cords from us.”and Satan’s naked hatred of God is seen in his dragon-like desire to devour the man-child.
That God is glorified in Christ at the cross is beyond dispute.
In summary, God is glorified in ‘the son of man’ for the cross occasions the greatest conceivable demonstration of human devotion to God and God is glorified in this. Furthermore, ‘the son of man’s cross-devotion uniquely enables God to display fully all the attributes of his being integrated in the one great purpose of his heart, that is, to accomplish in Christ the reconciliation of all things to the praise of his glorious grace. Eternity will never unveil a way that reveals and thus glorifies God more fully than the cross. This is why at the centre of heaven’s throne John sees a freshly slain lamb; the cross will never diminish or dim, it will always be as yesterday for it is the glory of God par excellence.
the son of man glorified in god
What is the outcome of God glorified in man? Man is glorified in God. If God is glorified in him then he will glorify him in himself, and glorify him immediately… If unrighteous pagan kings such as Ahasuerus recognise a moral imperative to reward those who serve them in outstanding ways how much more the King Eternal. What will God do for the man who in honouring the divine will accepted the brutality and hatred of all, entered the dragon’s den, accepted the cup of divine wrath, undertook responsibility for sin, agreed to be the atoning sacrifice killed on the altar and the scapegoat banished to the wilderness that God’s honour may be vindicated, his purposes of grace realized, and his righteousness upheld in so doing?
What will God do for one who has so glorified him? He will in turn glorify this man. Indeed so great has been the debasement to which the son of man has submitted that God may be glorified that God will glorify him ‘in himself’. That is, he will not simply glorify him but will share with him his own glory, that glory that he does not give to another*. He who humbled himself to death for the glory of God will be raised from the dead and exalted for God will not allow this Holy One to see corruption (it would be unjust) but will raise him and will seat him at his own right hand in heaven. He will share God’s throne and God’s glory. He who went to the deepest depths of shame to bring to God the highest glory shall be himself rewarded with the highest glory. God is no man’s debtor. Such will be the reward, the just reward, of the man whom the King delights to honour.
In this way the eschatological promise of Ps 8 will be fulfilled.
Heb 2:5-9 (ESV2011) For it was not to angels that God subjected the world to come, of which we are speaking. It has been testified somewhere, “What is man, that you are mindful of him, or the son of man, that you care for him? You made him for a little while lower than the angels; you have crowned him with glory and honour, putting everything in subjection under his feet.” Now in putting everything in subjection to him, he left nothing outside his control. At present, we do not yet see everything in subjection to him. But we see him who for a little while was made lower than the angels, namely Jesus, crowned with glory and honour because of the suffering of death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone.
Notice, he is crowned with glory and honour because of the suffering of death. We have a similar conclusion in Isaiah 53,
Isa 53:10-12 (ESV2011) Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors.
Philippians 2 makes the same point; God glorifies Christ ‘in himself’.
Phil 2:5-11 (ESV2011) Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
He has been seated on God’s own throne and all things once subject to God have been made subject to him (Ps 2). He has inherited a name (and so a dignity) above every name including all angelic beings (Hebs 1:4). He reigns not only over earth but over all things. Thomas Kelly’s hymn expresses it well,
Behold the Lamb with glory crowned!
To Him all power is given;
No place too high for Him is found,
No place too high in heaven..
He fills the throne—the throne above,
He fills it without wrong;
The object of His Father’s love,
The theme of angels’ song.
Though high, yet He accepts the praise
His people offer here;
The faintest, feeblest lay they raise
Will reach the Saviour’s ear.
This song be ours, and this alone,
That celebrates the Name
Of Him that sits upon the throne,
And that exalts the Lamb.
To Him whom men despise and slight,
To Him be glory given;
The crown is His, and His by right
The highest place in heaven.
But is this glory and position his alone? The hymn speaks of ‘his people’. Isa 53 speaks of ‘his offspring’ and ‘the righteous making many righteous’ and of him ‘dividing the spoil with the strong’. The express purpose of his death was that it would multiply others like him.
John 12:23-24 (ESV2011) And Jesus answered them, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit.
By nature and by practice far, How very far from God! Yet now by grace brought nigh to Him Through faith in Jesus’ blood.
So nigh, so very nigh to God, I cannot nearer be; For in the person of His Son, I am as near as He.
So dear, so very dear to God, More dear I cannot be; The love wherewith He loves the Son, Such is His love to me.
And so the complete mystery of God’s purposes – suffering and glory – are revealed in these two pregnant verses from John’s gospel verses that we may wonder and worship.
GAZING on Thee, Lord, in glory,
While our hearts in worship bow,
There we read the wondrous story
Of the cross — its shame and woe.
Every mark of dark dishonour
Heaped upon Thy thorn-crowned brow,
All the depths of Thy heart’s sorrow
Told in answering glory now.
On that cross alone — forsaken —
Where no pitying eye was found;
Now to God’s right hand exalted,
With Thy praise the heavens resound.
Did Thy God e’en then forsake Thee,
Hide His face from Thy deep need?
In Thy face, once marred and smitten,
All His glory now we read.
Gazing on it we adore Thee,
Blessed, precious, holy Lord;
Thou, the Lamb, alone art worthy,
This be earth’s and heaven’s accord.
Rise our hearts, and bless the Father,
Ceaseless song e’en here begun,
Endless praise and adoration
To the Father and the Son.
* He can do so for the man with whom he shares it is himself the Son of God, a divine person (Jn 17:1-4)
** It is sometimes claimed that had Adam continued in obedience he would have been rewarded with glorification. This is sheer conjecture, and mistaken conjecture at that. God’s intention was never glorification in Adam but glorification in Christ. Furthermore, glorification was predicated on God being perfectly glorified in the cross. What could Adam have done that equalled the cross?
Further, we should not equate this rewarding of Christ with mere law-keeping (though he did of course keep the law). This is much more than law-keeping. No law demanded the cross. In fact, according to the law, Jesus should have lived and not died. This is obedience of a different order. It was initiated in heaven (outside of law) and demanded of the son of man what no law did or could (that he take the curse of a broken law upon himself). It was, in fact, this obedience beyond mere law-keeping (the death of the cross) that was the basis of glorification.