Archive for the 'Philippians' Category


what happens when someone sees the glory of god in christ?

Phil 3:1-16 (ESV)
Finally, my brothers, rejoice in the Lord. To write the same things to you is no trouble to me and is safe for you.  Look out for the dogs, look out for the evildoers, look out for those who mutilate the flesh. For we are the circumcision, who worship by the Spirit of God and glory in Christ Jesus and put no confidence in the flesh- though I myself have reason for confidence in the flesh also. If anyone else thinks he has reason for confidence in the flesh, I have more: circumcised on the eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as to the law, a Pharisee; as to zeal, a persecutor of the church; as to righteousness under the law, blameless. But whatever gain I had, I counted as loss for the sake of Christ. Indeed, I count everything as loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have suffered the loss of all things and count them as rubbish, in order that I may gain Christ and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith- that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, that by any means possible I may attain the resurrection from the dead.  Not that I have already obtained this or am already perfect, but I press on to make it my own, because Christ Jesus has made me his own. Brothers, I do not consider that I have made it my own. But one thing I do: forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead, I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus. Let those of us who are mature think this way, and if in anything you think otherwise, God will reveal that also to you. Only let us hold true to what we have attained. 

When Paul (Saul at that time) was travelling from Jerusalem to Damascus on his mission to stamp out Christianity and all who followed ‘the Way’, he was brought to an abrupt stop by a brilliant light that enveloped him.  He heard a voice from heaven; it was the voice of Jesus whose followers he was persecuting.  It was the moment when Saul the Persecutor saw the glorified Christ whom he was persecuting and he was instantly and forever transformed.

Philippians 3 comments on two central aspects of the transformation.

Paul lost all confidence in his personal righteousness and desired only the righteousness of God that came through faith in Christ

If any had a claim on God by his own standing it was Paul.  Paul was a Jew and Jews were God’s chosen people.  And Paul had a Jewish pedigree second to none, ‘circumcised on the eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews’.  If religious heritage or training could give a man a standing with God then Paul had it.  What is more he was a man who made every effort to live righteously.  He had a scrupulous zeal for God and for God’s Law, ‘as to the law, a Pharisee; as to zeal, a persecutor of the church; as to righteousness under the law, blameless’.  And Paul, as he travelled to Damascus in the service of his religion, did indeed believe that his legacy as a Jew and his rigorous law-keeping declared him righteous.  He travelled that Damascus Road without a qualm or doubt, confident, even smug, in his integrity, his cause, his righteousness.

Until… until he was confronted with the piercing glory of the exalted Christ.  It was a glory, he was to say later, brighter than the sun (Acts 26:13).  Its brilliance threw him to the ground and left him without strength and blinded.  The voice came from heaven and he asked who was speaking?  The reply came, ‘I am Jesus whom you are persecuting’. (Acts 9).  In that instant, the self-will and pride of Saul the Persecutor was broken in pieces.  In a moment of time his whole constructed world collapsed around him.  He knew that his heritage that he had such pride in was a meaningless bauble in the face of this glory; his religiosity was seen for the vain thing it was; his qualifications, however highly regarded, were as dung.  Everything of apparent worth to the flesh was seen for the empty vanity it was when faced with the weight of glory.

He knew too, with an absolute certainty, that his own righteousness, of which he had been so proudly complacent, could never stand in the searing glory of this light.  It fell woefully short of this glory.  It was  filthy rags.  His religiously fueled and ostensibly righteous attempts to wipe out the name of Jesus were exposed as the vilest offences against the authority of God.  For Paul had no doubts that this person who spoke to him was of unquestionable authority.  His will is immediately subject to this authority.  It could not be denied.  He blurts in abjection, ‘who are you Lord?’.

And he is told; I am Jesus.  In one searing terrible yet glorious moment of truth and insight he knew immediately and forever that the only righteousness that could ever stand in this holiness lay in he who spoke.  Before this light all human righteousness was darkness.  In its presence, the earth and the heavens must flee away.  From that moment of realization, Paul had but one determination, ‘to be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith’.  It is the determination of any who glimpse the glory of God in Christ; for them all self-righteousness disappears like the burning of the morning mists leaving them naked and exposed and there can be only one exclamation:

Jesus, thy blood and righteousness (in resurrected glory)
My beauty are, and glorious dress

Paul’s one all-consuming desire was to know Christ

When someone has seen a glorified Christ the things of earth ‘grow strangely dim’.  When the light  shines the shadows disappear.  When the sun shines the stars and moon are no more. Christ, and Christ alone, drives and fills the life.  Anything in this life upon which Paul placed value, good or bad, becomes nothing, less than nothing.  It is worthless before the glory of Christ.  All that gave Paul identity, standing, privilege and reputation in this world mattered not at all (Phil 3:5).  All that fed his sense of self-worth and personal accomplishment was utter dross (Phil 3:6).  Paul saw all law-pedlars, whether peddling its rituals or its rules, as base and evil.  He treats them with vitriol; they are ‘dogs’ who trust and glory in the flesh (Phil 3:2) and  draw hearts away from the glory of Christ Jesus in the gospel (Phil 3:3) .  The law, focuses men on their own importance and Paul who has seen the glorified Christ will have none of it.  Having seen Christ in glory he knows man in the flesh has no importance, no glory.  Only Christ is worthy of glory.  Only Christ is irradiated with the glory of God.  And so any who seduce others from the object of his love (the glorified Christ) are contemptible.  Elsewhere he targets philosophy, that ‘queen of the sciences’ accusing it of being hollow and empty; it counts as nothing, is mere empty conceit,  before the One in whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge (Col 2:8).  In life Paul is prepared to, and does, suffer the loss of all things, for Christ is the treasure that he seeks.  He has found the hidden treasure to obtain which a man will sell all that he has (Matt 13:44). Life in its fulness is found only in Christ.  There is no glory worth pursuing anywhere other.

Paul has tasted that the Lord is good.  He has learned a little of knowing Christ and knows that knowing him has a worth that eclipses all else.  He wants to know him more and more.  How can he do so?  He will do so, as by the power of the resurrected life of Christ in glory (for it is as a resurrected Christ in glory that Paul first knew Christ)  he puts to death all that is not of Christ in his life, all that is mere ‘flesh’ (true circumcision).  He will know Christ as he shares in his sufferings.  It is the only way for any to know Christ, now or ever.  We know him and fellowship with him only as we die to self, take up our cross and follow him.  The life of Christ on earth is always one of identifying with his rejection, his reproaches, his persecution, and his self-renunciation; it was for Christ and it is for us, for Christ remains unaccepted and hated.  And so, in this world we know him in glory in our hearts only as we know him through the cross in our lives.  We experience his life only as we share his death.  We know fellowship with the Christ of glory and rejoice with joy unspeakable through sharing the shame of the Christ of the cross. And we enter into future glory through accepting present sufferings.

Whatever, in God’s plan, these sufferings may be, even if they may mean death itself, Paul was prepared to undergo if this was for him the route to resurrection and glory in Christ.  For ultimately, knowing Christ, is being with Christ in glory.  Paul had seen him in glory and wanted to be with him there.  He was not there yet, merely travelling to it.  Thus, whatever the cost, whatever the demands the wilderness threw, whatever the pain involved, he would endure that he may enjoy the Promised Land.  Of course, for Paul, the Promised Land is not glory itself, but Christ in glory.  The Lamb is all the glory of Immanuel’s land.

It is the Lamb of Glory that fills his vision.  He has his eye singly on Him.  He thinks nothing of anything that is past – like the runner, his concentration is fully on the prize.  It fills his vision and concentrates his mind.  Christ is the goal and Christ the prize.

And so it ought to be for us all.  Not immediately perhaps, as with Paul, but as by grace we mature in faith it is God’s plan that we will increasingly grasp this perspective and live in it (v16).  So that, with Paul, we may all increasingly say ‘for me to live is Christ’.  And so, may our God, by his grace, enable us more and more to set our affections on things above – where Christ is.  May we, by faith, increasingly see Christ in glory.  And, in doing so, may we progressively learn to count everything else as loss compared to the excellence of knowing him, being found in him, and gaining him.

Once again, hymns capture the heart of the apostle so well.

        Jesus, my Lord, my Life, my All,
        Prostrate before thy throne I fall;
        Fain would my soul look up and see
        My hope, my heaven, my all in thee. 

                                                 Samuel Medley

        Compared with Christ, in all beside
            No comeliness I see;
        The one thing needful, dearest Lord,
            Is to be one with thee.

        The sense of thy expiring love,
            Into my soul convey;
        Thyself bestow, for thee alone,
            My All in all, I pray.

       Less than thyself will not suffice
            My comfort to restore;
        More than thyself I cannot crave,
            And thou canst give no more.

       Loved of my God, for him again
            With love intense I’d burn;
        Chosen of thee ere time began,
            I choose thee in return.

       Whate’er consists not with thy love,
            O teach me to resign;
        I’m rich to all the intents of bliss,
            If thou, O God, art mine.

                                               Augustus Toplady

My concern is that in the writing (online or in books) of many modern evangelical writers, learned and sophisticated though many are, I see few signs of this heart of the apostle, which is, of course, the life of Christ in maturity in a fallen man (and so he can exhort others to imitate him Phil 3:17).  There are plenty books on Christian social and political agendas, defending theological systems of one kind or other, apologetics, and so on, but few that seem to pulsate with a love for the glorified Christ, fewer still where the writer seems to have caught this vision and whose specific purpose is to draw our hearts out to him in glory.

I do not see a great deal of it in the church.   And, wretch that I am, I see little of it in me.  Why is the Western church without power?  Why does the world neither persecute nor believe her?   Why indeed.


the humble mind of christ

Phil 2:1-11 (ESV)
So if there is any encouragement in Christ, any comfort from love, any participation in the Spirit, any affection and sympathy, complete my joy by being of the same mind, having the same love, being in full accord and of one mind. Do nothing from rivalry or conceit, but in humility count others more significant than yourselves. Let each of you look not only to his own interests, but also to the interests of others. Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

The Christian either ‘sows to the flesh’ or ‘sows to the Spirit’.  We either exhibit the features of Adam or Christ.  To display those of the flesh (or Adam) is the way of death – for us and for others; only the features of Christ lived in the Spirit bring life and blessing.  Philippians 2 is a vivid example of the two ways.

In Philippians, Paul is concerned that ‘rivalry and conceit’ are rearing their ugly heads in the church – at least two sisters are at odds (Phil 4:2) and some Judaizing legalists are at work promoting law-keeping which is always self-absorbed, performance related, and fleshly, creating competition and conceit (Phil 3:2,4, 19).  Furthermore some preachers were preaching ‘out of rivalry’ (Phil 1:15,16).  Possibly these were Judaizers too, however, it is often in public gifts that envy and rivalry raise their ugly profiles in a local church.  Whatever,  there is an absence of a love that denies self, in some.   Paul’s answer, as always, is to point not to the law but to the gospel.  He directs the Philippians to Christ, in whom, as believers, they live and find encouragement (2:1).  Christ is the very opposite of ‘rivalry and conceit’ which is always sourced in the promotion of self.  Christ in rejecting self-interest and acting only in love, which is in nature selfless, exhibits two acts of profound self-humbling.

he humbles himself as God

Christ was in the form of God but did not ‘count equality with God a thing to be grasped’.  His own position and interests were not what motivated him.  In the interests of others he ‘made himself nothing and took the form of a servant, the likeness of a man’.  Christ gives up all rights and privileges in the interests of others.  He does not grasp on to, for less grasp out for, privilege and status.  His concern is not for himself but for others.  This is the very essence of what we are called to as believers.  If ‘for me to live is Christ’ then it is to live like Christ in self-abnegation and self-forgetfulness.  If Christ is my life,  then I will live in loving self-sacrifice for others, for such is his life.

This attitude is the opposite of course of the inclinations of ‘the flesh’.  Adam’s primal sin, that which plunged humanity into sin putting every Ego in constant rivalry with every other Ego and with its Maker, is that he did see ‘equality with God a thing to be grasped after’.  He wanted to be God.  He wanted to rob God of the glory that was rightly his.  He made his will sovereign and not that of his Maker.  In the wake of this seminal ‘rivalry and conceit’  flows every sin and the chaos and destruction that is the story of humanity.

If there is to be unity and oneness in the church – which is Christ displayed on earth today –  we must each put on the Lord Jesus and mercilessly put to death all that is ‘Adam’ in us, all that is ‘flesh’.

he humbled himself as man

He became obedient to death – even the disgrace of death on a cross.  Adam, as man, in disobedience aspired to be God: Christ, as man, in obedience to God and in love for others was prepared to be ‘a worm and no man, a reproach of men and despised by the people’ (Ps 22:6).  He humbled himself  to ‘the dust of death’ (Ps 22:15).  It was not that his life did not matter to him, he considered it ‘precious’  (Ps 22:20), but that he thought first of the interest of others.  For us he ‘loved not his life unto death’.  Because his whole life was for others, written across it was the judgement of Eden, ‘You will surely die’.  Adam wanted reputation and position: Christ made himself ‘of no reputation’ or ‘nothing’.  Adam was thrusting and ambitiously self-willed: Christ was meek and submissive; his words, in the face of the greatest of trauma, were  ‘not my will but yours be done’.  Adam loved self: Christ loved others.  Adam wanted to live: Christ came to die.

Do we have life in Christ?  Yes we do.  Do we participate in the Spirit? Yes we do.  What is life in Christ like?  It is a life of self-humbling.  It is a rescinding of our rights.  It is placing no premium on titles, position, status, or reputation.   It is putting others before ourselves; not grasping, but giving, not advancing self, but denying self.  Ultimately, it is putting ‘self’ on a cross in the place of death. It is saying daily like Jesus, ‘not my will but yours be done’.  It is ‘laying down our lives for the brothers’ (1 Jn 3:16).  It is this ‘life of Christ’ that will unite the people of God in a local church and have them ‘striving as one spirit, in one mind, for the truth of the gospel’ (Phil 1:27).  The one-people that Christ created through his own self-humbling he sustains by generating the same self-humbling in his people.  It is this ‘life’ too that will release the saving power of God.  It did in Christ.  Christ’s self-humbling love is the mainspring of salvation and as we replicate this love by living Christ, that is, as we through the Spirit consciously call upon Christ to enable us to put self to death and to live in him, we ‘work out our own salvation with fear and trembling’ (Phil 2:12).  It is also this self-humbling life that God will bless.  For God’s way always is:

Luke 18:14
‘Every one who exalts himself shall be humbled, and he that humbles himself shall be exalted.’

Thus, God highly exalts Christ and gives him a name that is above every name that at the name of ‘Jesus’ every knee will bow and every tongue confess he is Lord.  The name inextricably identified with his self-humbling, written in derision above his cross,  God will see is emblazoned in glory across the universe.  And, wonder beyond all wonders, those who live in self-humbling in him will share his glory. In this parabola of grace is the story of the gospel: In Christ, God in love came down to the lowest place and man in righteousness has risen to the highest place.

And so, those who live in Christ and participate in the Spirit will live as Christ did; they will live in self-abnegation seeking the interests of others.  In Philippians, we see this ‘same  mind that was in Christ Jesus’  in Paul, Timothy and Epaphroditus.


Phil 1:21-25 (ESV)
For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain. If I am to live in the flesh, that means fruitful labor for me. Yet which I shall choose I cannot tell. I am hard pressed between the two. My desire is to depart and be with Christ, for that is far better. But to remain in the flesh is more necessary on your account. Convinced of this, I know that I will remain and continue with you all, for your progress and joy in the faith,


Phil 2:19-21 (ESV)
I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you soon, so that I too may be cheered by news of you. For I have no one like him, who will be genuinely concerned for your welfare. For they all seek their own interests, not those of Jesus Christ.


Phil 2:25-26 (ESV)
I have thought it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus …  for he has been longing for you all and has been distressed because you heard that he was ill.

But not all were like these three.  Paul says of others, ‘For they all seek their own interests, not those of Jesus Christ’ (Phil 2:21).  The question remains for us: whose interests are we seeking?  Are we living as those in Adam or those in Christ?  Do we display the characteristics of the first man or the second?  Do we live as those who have put off the old and put on the new?  Do we live re-enacting the fall or do we re-enact the gospel?  Are we purveyors of death or dispensers of life?  Are we sowing to the flesh from which we will reap corruption or sowing to the Spirit from whom we will reap life and peace?  Do we seek honour from men or are we content to live humbly now and await honour from God?

‘Do nothing from rivalry or conceit, but in humility count others more significant than yourselves. Let each of you look not only to his own interests, but also to the interests of others.’

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The Cave promotes the Christian Gospel by interacting with Christian faith and practice from a conservative evangelical perspective.


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